Rwanda Patriotic Front. (RPF)
In 1990, Tutsi refugees in Uganda - supported by some moderate Hutus - were forming the Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF). Their aim was to overthrow Habyarimana and secure their right to return to their homeland.
Kagame paul, Leader of RPF.
They started the liberation war, in 1990, October 1st.
Gen.Fred Rwigema was leading the RPF, and was killed on the first day of attack, 1st October 1990.
This was when, Paul Kagame, came to take over the RPF, and continued the battle, to liberate their country, and save the innocent people that were being killed by the HUTU Regime.
In August 1993, after several attacks and months of negotiation, a peace accord was signed between Habyarimana and the RPF, but it did little to stop the continued unrest.
When Habyarimana's plane was shot down at the beginning of April 1994, it was the final nail in the coffin.
Exactly who killed the president - and with him the president of Burundi and many chief members of staff - has not been established.
Whoever was behind the killing its effect was both instantaneous and catastrophic.